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Webster 1913 Edition


Wine

Wine

,
Noun.
[OE.
win
, AS.
win
, fr. L.
vinum
(cf. Icel.
vīn
; all from the Latin); akin to Gr.
οἶνος
,
[GREEK]
, and E.
withy
. Cf.
Vine
,
Vineyard
,
Vinous
,
Withy
.]
1.
The expressed juice of grapes, esp. when fermented; a beverage or liquor prepared from grapes by squeezing out their juice, and (usually) allowing it to ferment.
“Red wine of Gascoigne.”
Piers Plowman.
Wine
is a mocker, strong drink is raging, and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.
Prov. xx. 1.
Bacchus, that first from out the purple grape
Crushed the sweet poison of misused
wine
.
Milton.
☞ Wine is essentially a dilute solution of ethyl alcohol, containing also certain small quantities of ethers and ethereal salts which give character and bouquet. According to their color, strength, taste, etc., wines are called
red
,
white
,
spirituous
,
dry
,
light
,
still
, etc.
2.
A liquor or beverage prepared from the juice of any fruit or plant by a process similar to that for grape wine;
as, currant
wine
; gooseberry
wine
; palm
wine
.
3.
The effect of drinking wine in excess; intoxication.
Noah awoke from his
wine
.
Gen. ix. 24.
Birch wine
,
Cape wine
, etc.
See under
Birch
,
Cape
, etc.
Spirit of wine
.
See under
Spirit
.
To have drunk wine of ape
or
To have drunk wine ape
,
to be so drunk as to be foolish.
[Obs.]
Chaucer.
Wine acid
.
(Chem.)
See
Tartaric acid
, under
Tartaric
.
[Colloq.]
Wine apple
(Bot.)
,
a large red apple, with firm flesh and a rich, vinous flavor.
Wine bag
,
a wine skin.
Wine biscuit
,
a kind of sweet biscuit served with wine.
Wine cask
,
a cask for holding wine, or which holds, or has held, wine.
Wine cellar
,
a cellar adapted or used for storing wine.
Wine cooler
,
a vessel of porous earthenware used to cool wine by the evaporation of water; also, a stand for wine bottles, containing ice.
Wine fly
(Zool.)
,
small two-winged fly of the genus
Piophila
, whose larva lives in wine, cider, and other fermented liquors.
Wine grower
,
one who cultivates a vineyard and makes wine.
Wine measure
,
the measure by which wines and other spirits are sold, smaller than beer measure.
Wine merchant
,
a merchant who deals in wines.
Wine of opium
(Pharm.)
,
a solution of opium in aromatized sherry wine, having the same strength as ordinary laudanum; – also
Sydenham’s laudanum
.
Wine press
,
a machine or apparatus in which grapes are pressed to extract their juice.
Wine skin
,
a bottle or bag of skin, used, in various countries, for carrying wine.
Wine stone
,
a kind of crust deposited in wine casks. See 1st
Tartar
, 1.
Wine vault
.
(a)
A vault where wine is stored.
(b)
A place where wine is served at the bar, or at tables; a dramshop.
Dickens.
Wine vinegar
,
vinegar made from wine.
Wine whey
,
whey made from milk coagulated by the use of wine.

Webster 1828 Edition


Wine

WINE

,
Noun.
[Gr.]
1.
The fermented juice of grapes; as the wine of the Madeira grape; the wine of Burgundy or Oporto.
2.
The juice of certain fruits, prepared with sugar, spirits, &c.; as currant wine; gooseberry wine.
3.
Intoxication.
Noah awoke from his wine. Genesis 9.
4.
Drinking.
They that tarry long at the wine. Proverbs 23.
Corn and wine, in Scripture, are put for all kinds of necessaries for subsistence. Psalm.
Bread and wine, in the Lords supper, are symbols of the body and blood of Christ.

Definition 2022


wine

wine

English

A glass of red wine

Noun

wine (countable and uncountable, plural wines)

  1. An alcoholic beverage made by fermenting the juice of grapes.
    Wine is stronger than beer.
    She ordered some wine for the meal.
    • 1962 (quoting 1381 text), Hans Kurath & Sherman M. Kuhn, eds., Middle English Dictionary, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press, ISBN 978-0-472-01044-8, page 1242:
      dorrẹ̅, dōrī adj. & n. [] cook. glazed with a yellow substance; pome(s ~, sopes ~. [] 1381 Pegge Cook. Recipes page 114: For to make Soupys dorry. Nym onyons [] Nym wyn [] toste wyte bred and do yt in dischis, and god Almande mylk.
  2. An alcoholic beverage made by fermenting the juice of fruits or vegetables other than grapes, usually preceded by the type of the fruit or vegetable; for example, "dandelion wine".
  3. (countable) A serving of wine.
    I'd like three beers and two wines, please.
  4. (uncountable) A dark purplish red colour; the colour of red wine.
    wine colour:    
Hyponyms
  • See also Wikisaurus:wine
Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

wine (third-person singular simple present wines, present participle wining, simple past and past participle wined)

  1. (transitive) To entertain with wine.
    • 1919, Lee Meriwether, The War Diary of a Diplomat, Dodd, Mead and Company, page 159:
      Neither Major Wadhams nor I is accustomed to being wined and dined by perfect strangers who do not even present themselves, but leave servants to do the honors, consequently to both of us our present situation smacks of romance and adventure;
  2. (intransitive) To drink wine.
    • 1839, Thomas Chandler Haliburton, The Clockmaker
      I rushed into my cabin, coffeed, wined, and went to bed sobbing.
Translations

References

  1. Michiel de Vaan, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages, s.v. “vīnum” (Leiden: Brill, 2008), 680.
  2. J.P. Mallory and D.Q. Adams, Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, s.v. “wine” (London: Fritzroy Dearborn, 1997), 644.

See also

Etymology 2

Noun

wine (uncountable)

  1. (nonstandard, Britain) wind
    • 1850, James Orchard Halliwell, A Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial Words, Obsolete Phrases, Proverbs, and Ancient Customs, from the Fourteenth Century:
      Vor voices rawze upon tha wine
    • 1869, James Jennings, The Dialect of the West of England, particularly Somersetshire:
      Aw how sholl I tell o’m—vor âll pirty maidens
      When I pass’d ’em look’d back—ther smill rawze on tha wine.

Middle High German

Noun

wine m

  1. friend

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *winiz, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (love, desire). Cognate with Old Frisian wine, Old Saxon wini, Old High German wini, Old Norse vinr (Danish ven, Swedish vän, Norwegian ven/venn). Related to Old English wynn, wenian. The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin venus, Proto-Celtic *wenja- (Old Irish fine, Breton gwenn, Welsh gwen).

Pronunciation

Noun

wine m

  1. (poetic) friend, lord, protector
    wine werigmod, wætre beflowen on dreorsele: sad-hearted friend, surrounded by water in his lonely hall. (The Wife’s Lament)

Declension

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Middle English: wine

References