Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Bog

Bog

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Bogged
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Bogging
.]
To sink, as into a bog; to submerge in a bog; to cause to sink and stick, as in mud and mire.
At another time, he was
bogged
up to the middle in the slough of Lochend.
Sir W. Scott.

Webster 1828 Edition


Bog

BOG

,
Noun.
1.
A quagmire covered with grass or other plants. It is defined by marsh, and morass, but differs from a marsh, as a part from the whole. Wet grounds are bogs, which are the softest and too soft to bear a man; marshes or fens, which are less soft, but very wet; and swamps, which are soft spongy land,upon the surface,but sustain man and beast, and are often mowed.
2.
A little elevated spot or clump of earth, in marshes and swamps, filled with roots and grass. [This is a common use of the word in New England.]

BOG

,
Verb.
T.
To whelm or plunge, as in mud and mire.

Definition 2023


Bog

Bog

See also: bog, BOG, bóg, Bóg, bög, bőg, bog-, and Appendix:Variations of "bog"

Lower Sorbian

Proper noun

Bog m

  1. God

Declension


Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bôːɡ/

Proper noun

Bȏg m (Cyrillic spelling Бо̑г)

  1. God

Declension

Related terms


Slovene

Etymology

See bog.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbóːk/
  • Tonal orthography: bọ̑g

Proper noun

Bóg m anim (genitive Bogá)

  1. God

Declension

bog

bog

See also: Bog, BOG, bóg, Bóg, bög, bőg, bog-, and Appendix:Variations of "bog"

English

Noun

bog (plural bogs)

  1. (Originally Ireland and Scotland) An area of decayed vegetation (particularly sphagnum moss) which forms a wet spongy ground too soft for walking; a marsh or swamp.
  2. (figuratively) Confusion, difficulty, or any other thing or place that impedes progress in the manner of such areas.
    • 1614, John King, Vitis Palatina, p. 30:
      ...quagmires and bogges of Romish superstition...
    • a. 1796, Robert Burns, Poems & Songs, Vol. I:
      Last day my mind was in a bog.
    • 1841, Charles Dickens, Barnaby Rudge, Ch. lxxii, p. 358:
      He wandered out again, in a perfect bog of uncertainty.
  3. (uncountable) The acidic soil of such areas, principally composed of peat; marshland, swampland.
    • a. 1687, William Petty, Political Arithmetick:
      Bog may by draining be made Meadow.
  4. (vulgar Britain, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand slang) A place to defecate: originally specifically a latrine or outhouse but now used for any toilet.
    • 1665, Richard Head & al., The English Rogue Described in the Life of Meriton Latroon, Vol. I:
      Fearing I should catch cold, they out of pity covered me warm in a Bogg-house.
    • a. 1789, in 1789, Verses to John Howard F.R.S. on His State of Prisons and Lazarettos, p. 181:
      ...That no dirt... be thrown out of any window, or down the bogs...
    • 1864, J.C. Hotten, The Slang Dictionary, p. 79:
      Bog, or bog-house, a privy as distinguished from a water-closet.
    • 1959, William Golding, Free Fall, Ch. i, p. 23:
      Our lodger had our upstairs, use of the stove, our tap, and our bog.
  5. (Australia and New Zealand slang) An act or instance of defecation.
  6. (US, dialect) A little elevated spot or clump of earth, roots, and grass, in a marsh or swamp.
Alternative forms
  • (wet spongy areas or ground): bogg, bogge, boghe (all obsolete)
Synonyms
Hyponyms
Related terms
Derived terms
See also
Translations

Verb

bog (third-person singular simple present bogs, present participle bogging, simple past and past participle bogged)

  1. (transitive, now often with "down") To sink or submerge someone or something into bogland, especially:
    • 1928, American Dialect Society, American Speech, Vol. IV, p. 132:
      To be 'bogged down' or 'mired down' is to be mired, generally in the 'wet valleys' in the spring.
    1. (figuratively) to prevent or slow someone or something from making progress.
  2. (intransitive, now often with "down") To sink and stick in bogland, especially:
    • a. 1800, The Trials of James, Duncan, and Robert M'Gregor, Three Sons of the Celebrated Rob Roy, p. 120:
      Duncan Graham in Gartmore his horse bogged; that the deponent helped some others to take the horse out of the bogg.
    1. (figuratively) To be prevented or impeded from making progress, to become stuck.
  3. (intransitive, Originally vulgar Britain, now chiefly Australia) To ****, to void one's bowels.
  4. (transitive, Originally vulgar Britain, now chiefly Australia) To cover or spray with ****, to defile with excrement.
  5. (transitive, Britain, informal) To make a mess of something.
Alternative forms
  • bogg, bogue (both obsolete)
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

See bug[8]

Noun

bog (plural bogs)

  1. (obsolete) Alternative form of bug: a bugbear, monster, or terror.
Alternative forms
  • bogge; see also bug
Derived terms
  • take bog

Etymology 3

Of uncertain etymology,[9] although possibly related to bug in its original senses of "big" and "puffed up".

Alternative forms

  • (all senses): bug (Derbyshire & Lincolnshire)

Adjective

bog (comparative bogger, superlative boggest)

  1. (obsolete) Bold; boastful; proud.
    • 1592, William Warner, Albions England, Vol. VII, Ch. xxxvii, p. 167:
      The Cuckooe, seeing him so bog, waxt also wondrous wroth.
    • 1691, John Ray, South and East Country Words, p. 90:
      Bogge, bold, forward, sawcy. So we say, a very bog Fellow.
Derived terms

Noun

bog (plural bogs)

  1. (obsolete) Puffery, boastfulness.
    • 1839, Charles Clark, "John Noakes and Mary Styles", l. 3:
      Their bog it nuver ceases.

Verb

bog (third-person singular simple present bogs, present participle bogging, simple past and past participle bogged)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To provoke, to bug.
    • 1546 in 1852, State Papers King Henry the Eighth, Vol. XI, p. 163:
      If you had not written to me... we had broke now, the Frenchmen bogged us so often with departing.
    • 1556, Nicholas Grimald's translation of Cicero as Marcus Tullius Ciceroes Thre Bokes of Duties to Marcus His Sonne, Vol. III, p. 154:
      A Frencheman: whom he [Manlius Torquatus] slew, being bogged [Latin: provocatus] by hym.

Etymology 4

From bug off, a clipping of bugger off, likely under the influence of bog (coarse British slang for "toilet[s]").

Verb

bog (third-person singular simple present bogs, present participle bogging, simple past and past participle bogged)

  1. (euphemistic, slang, Britain, usually with "off") To go away.
Derived terms

Anagrams

References

  1. 1 2 Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "bog, n.¹" & "bog, v.¹" Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1887.
  2. Oxford Dictionaries. "British English: bog". Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2016.
  3. 1 2 The Collins English Dictionary. "bog". HarperCollins (London), 2016.
  4. Oxford English Dictionary, "bog, n.⁴"
  5. Oxford English Dictionary, "'bog-house, n." & "† 'boggard, n.²".
  6. Merriam-Webster Online. "bog". Merriam-Webster (Springfield, Mass.), 2016.
  7. Oxford English Dictionary, "bog, v.³"
  8. Oxford English Dictionary. "† bog | bogge, n.²"
  9. Oxford English Dictionary, "† bog, adj. and n.³" & † bog, v.²".

Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɔɡ/, [ˈb̥ɔʊ̯ˀ]
  • Rhymes: -ɔʊ̯

Etymology 1

From Old Norse bók (beech, book), from Proto-Germanic *bōks, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂ǵos (beech).

Noun

bog c (singular definite bogen, plural indefinite bøger)

  1. book
Derived terms
Inflection

Etymology 2

Maybe from Middle Low German bōk.

Noun

bog c (singular definite bogen, plural indefinite bog)

  1. beech mast
Inflection
Related terms
  • bogfinke c
  • boghvede c

French

Noun

bog m (plural bogs)

  1. (ecology) An ombrotrophic peatland.

Antonyms


German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [boːk]

Verb

bog

  1. past tense of biegen

Hungarian

Etymology

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *poŋka (tuber, boil, unevenness), along with Estonian pung.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈboɡ]

Noun

bog (plural bogok)

  1. knot

Declension

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bog bogok
accusative bogot bogokat
dative bognak bogoknak
instrumental boggal bogokkal
causal-final bogért bogokért
translative boggá bogokká
terminative bogig bogokig
essive-formal bogként bogokként
essive-modal
inessive bogban bogokban
superessive bogon bogokon
adessive bognál bogoknál
illative bogba bogokba
sublative bogra bogokra
allative boghoz bogokhoz
elative bogból bogokból
delative bogról bogokról
ablative bogtól bogoktól
Possessive forms of bog
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. bogom bogaim
2nd person sing. bogod bogaid
3rd person sing. boga bogai
1st person plural bogunk bogaink
2nd person plural bogotok bogaitok
3rd person plural boguk bogaik

Derived terms

  • bogos
  • bogoz

(Compound words):

  • ág-bog

Irish

Etymology

From Old Irish boc (soft, gentle, tender; tepid), from Proto-Celtic *buggos.

The verb is from Old Irish bocaid (softens, makes soft; moves; shakes), from the adjective.

Pronunciation

Adjective

bog (genitive singular masculine boig, genitive singular feminine boige, plural boga, comparative boige)

  1. soft; yielding; tender; (of physical condition) flabby; (of disposition) indulgent, lenient, soft, foolish; (of living, conduct, etc.) easy; (of sound, voice) soft, mellow; (of weather) soft, wet; (of winter) mild, humid
  2. loose
  3. lukewarm

Declension

Derived terms

Noun

bog m (genitive singular boig)

  1. soft
  2. (anatomy, of ear) lobe

Declension

Synonyms

  • (lobe): liopa, maothán

Verb

bog (present analytic bogann, future analytic bogfaidh, verbal noun bogadh, past participle bogtha) (transitive, intransitive)

  1. soften, become soft; (of pain) ease; (of milk) warm; (of weather) get milder; soften, move (someone's heart)
  2. move, loosen; (of a cradle) rock

Conjugation

Derived terms

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bog bhog mbog
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

  • "bog" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 boc” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • bocaid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Lojban

Rafsi

bog

  1. rafsi of bongu.

Lower Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bogъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [bɔk]
  • Homophones: Bog, bok

Noun

bog m (feminine equivalent bogowka)

  1. god

Declension

Derived terms

  • bóžy (godly, divine)

Molise Croatian

Etymology

From Serbo-Croatian bog.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bôːg/

Noun

bog m

  1. god

Declension

References

  • Walter Breu and Giovanni Piccoli (2000), Dizionario croato molisano di Acquaviva Collecroce: Dizionario plurilingue della lingua slava della minoranza di provenienza dalmata di Acquaviva Collecroce in Provincia di Campobasso (Parte grammaticale).

Norwegian

Noun

bog m

  1. shoulder (of an animal)

Inflection


Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *bōguz. Cognate with Old Saxon bōg, Dutch boeg (shoulders, chest of a horse), Old High German buog (German Bug (horse’s hock, ship’s prow)), Old Norse bógr (Icelandic bógur, Swedish bog (shoulder)).

Pronunciation

Noun

bōg n (nominative plural bōg)

  1. the arm or shoulder
  2. a branch or bough of a tree

Descendants


Scottish Gaelic

Etymology

From Old Irish boc (soft, gentle, tender; tepid).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [b̊oɡ̊]

Adjective

bog (comparative buige)

  1. soft
  2. wet, damp, moist

Declension

Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative bog bhog boga
Vocative bhuig bhog boga
Genitive bhuig bhuig/buige boga
Dative bhog bhuig boga

Derived terms

Mutation

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
bog bhog
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • 1 boc” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bogъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bôːɡ/

Noun

bȏg m (Cyrillic spelling бо̑г)

  1. god, deity
  2. (colloquial) idol, god

Declension

Derived terms

Related terms


Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bogъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbóːk/
  • Tonal orthography: bọ̑g

Noun

bóg m anim (genitive bogá, nominative plural bogôvi)

  1. god

Declension