Webster 1913 Edition
grund; akin to D.
grond, OS., G., Sw., & Dan.
grundus(in composition); perh. orig. meaning, dust, gravel, and if so perh. akin to E.
The surface of the earth; the outer crust of the globe, or some indefinite portion of it.
There was not a man to till theHence:
Gen. ii. 5.
A floor or pavement supposed to rest upon the earth.
Any definite portion of the earth’s surface; region; territory; country.
A territory appropriated to, or resorted to, for a particular purpose; the field or place of action;
as, a hunting or fishing
ground; a play
From . . . old Euphrates, to the brook that parts Egypt from Syrian
Land; estate; possession; field; esp. (
pl.), the gardens, lawns, fields, etc., belonging to a homestead;
groundsof the estate are well kept
Thy next design is on thy neighbor's
The basis on which anything rests; foundation. Hence: The foundation of knowledge, belief, or conviction; a premise, reason, or datum; ultimate or first principle; cause of existence or occurrence; originating force or agency;
groundof my hope
(Paint. & Decorative Art)
That surface upon which the figures of a composition are set, and which relieves them by its plainness, being either of one tint or of tints but slightly contrasted with one another;See
as, crimson Bowers on a white.
In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief.
In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied;
as, Brussels. See
Brussels lace, under
A gummy composition spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.
One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which moldings, etc., are attached; – usually in the plural.
☞ Grounds are usually put up first and the plastering floated flush with them.
A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody.
The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song.
groundI'll build a holy descant.
A conducting connection with the earth, whereby the earth is made part of an electrical circuit.
Sediment at the bottom of liquors or liquids; dregs; lees; feces;
as, coffee grounds.
The pit of a theater.
angling with a weighted line without a float.–
an estate created in land by a vassal who instead of selling his land outright reserves an annual ground rent, which becomes a perpetual charge upon the land.–
a superintendent of mines.
bits of bread, boiled barley or worms, etc., thrown into the water to collect the fish,
fundamental base; a fundamental base continually repeated to a varied melody.–
one of numerous species of carnivorous beetles of the family–
Carabidæ, living mostly in burrows or under stones, etc.
a room on the ground floor.–
A genus (
Physalis) of herbaceous plants having an inflated calyx for a seed pod: esp., the strawberry tomato (
Physalis Alkekengi). See
A European shrub (–
Prunus Chamæcerasus), with small, very acid fruit.
one of several small American pigeons of the genus–
C. passerinaof the Southern United States, Mexico, etc. They live chiefly on the ground.
any fish which constantly lives on the botton of the sea, as the sole, turbot, halibut.–
the floor of a house most nearly on a level with the ground; – called also in America, but not in England, the–
the stem or basis of a word, to which the other parts are added in declension or conjugation. It is sometimes, but not always, the same as the root.–
a low slightly thorny, leguminous shrub (–
Ononis arvensis) of Europe and Central Asia,; – called also
hares, rabbits, etc., as distinguished from winged game.–
a perennial herb (–
Veronica officinalis) with small blue flowers, common in Europe and America, formerly thought to have curative properties.
Ground of the heavens
the surface of any part of the celestial sphere upon which the stars may be regarded as projected.–
the yew (–
Canadensisi) of eastern North America, distinguished from that of Europe by its low, straggling stems.
The woodchuck or American marmot (
Arctomys monax). See
ice formed at the bottom of a body of water before it forms on the surface.–
A trailing plant; alehoof. See–
a joist for a basement or ground floor; a. sleeper.–
the European pipit. See–
the line of intersection of the horizontal and vertical planes of projection.–
a flowerless plant with a broad flat forking thallus and the fruit raised on peduncled and radiated receptacles (–
in Scotland, the fee paid for interment in a churchyard.–
the fine-grained or glassy base of a rock, in which distinct crystals of its constituents are embedded.–
one of several Australian parrakeets, of the genera–
Geopsittacus, which live mainly upon the ground.
an insect of the family–
Margarodes formicarum), found in ants' nests in the Bahamas, and having a shelly covering. They are strung like beads, and made into necklaces by the natives.
a large, burrowing, African rodent (–
Aulacodus Swinderianus) about two feet long, allied to the porcupines but with harsh, bristly hair, and no spines; – called also
one of numerous species of pigeons which live largely upon the ground, as the tooth-billed pigeon (–
Didunculus strigirostris), of the Samoan Islands, and the crowned pigeon, or goura. See
A blue-flowered herb of the genus
A. Chamæpitys), formerly included in the genus
Teucriumor germander, and named from its resinous smell.
Sir J. Hill.
A long, creeping, evergreen plant of the genus
L. clavatum); – called also
A tree-shaped evergreen plant about eight inches in height, of the same genus (
L. dendroideum) found in moist, dark woods in the northern part of the United States.
a plan of the ground floor of any building, or of any floor, as distinguished from an elevation or perpendicular section.–
the horizontal plane of projection in perspective drawing.–
One of the chief pieces of framing of a building; a timber laid horizontally on or near the ground to support the uprights; a ground sill or groundsel.
A bed plate for sleepers or ties; a mudsill.
A metallic plate buried in the earth to conduct the electric current thereto. Connection to the pipes of a gas or water main is usual in cities.
the ground upon which any structure is erected; hence, any basis or foundation; also, a ground plan.–
a leguminous plant (–
Astragalus caryocarpus) occurring from the Saskatchewan to Texas, and having a succulent plum-shaped pod.
rent paid for the privilege of building on another man's land.–
a room on the ground floor; a lower room.
the West Indian name for a swell of the ocean, which occurs in calm weather and without obvious cause, breaking on the shore in heavy roaring billows; – called also–
rollers, and in Jamaica,
the North sea.
Ground plate(a) (above).
a small burrowing American snake (–
Celuta amœna). It is salmon colored, and has a blunt tail.
One of numerous species of burrowing rodents of the genera
Spermophilus, having cheek pouches. The former genus includes the Eastern striped squirrel or chipmunk and some allied Western species; the latter includes the prairie squirrel or striped gopher, the gray gopher, and many allied Western species. See
Any species of the African genus–
Xerus, allied to
the intercellular substance, or matrix, of tissues.–
The plant groundsel.
A broad, deep swell or undulation of the ocean, caused by a long continued gale, and felt even at a remote distance after the gale has ceased.–
See Earth table, under Earth.–
the tackle necessary to secure a vessel at anchor.
one of numerous species of bright-colored Oriental birds of the family–
The lowest tier of water casks in a vessel's hold.
The lowest line of articles of any kind stowed in a vessel's hold.
The lowest range of boxes in a theater.–
the timbers which lie on the keel and are bolted to the keelson; floor timbers.
that wheel of a harvester, mowing machine, etc., which, rolling on the ground, drives the mechanism.–
a small California bird (–
Chamæa fasciata) allied to the wrens and titmice. It inhabits the arid plains. Called also
ground tit, and
To bite the ground,
To break ground
To come to the ground,
To fall to the ground
to come to nothing; to fail; to miscarry.–
To gain ground.
To advance; to proceed forward in conflict; as, an army in battle
To obtain an advantage; to have some success;
as, the army.
gains groundon the enemy
To gain credit; to become more prosperous or influential.–
To get ground, or
To gather ground
to gain ground.
[R.]“Evening mist . . . gathers ground fast.”
To give ground,
to recede; to yield advantage.–
To lose ground,
to retire; to retreat; to withdraw from the position taken; hence, to lose advantage; to lose credit or reputation; to decline.–
To stand one's ground,
to stand firm; to resist attack or encroachment.
To take the ground
to touch bottom or become stranded; – said of a ship.
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To lay, set, or run, on the ground.
To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, reason, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly.
Being rooted and
Eph. iii. 17.
So far from warranting any inference to the existence of a God, would, on the contrary,
groundeven an argument to his negation.
Sir W. Hamilton
To instruct in elements or first principles.
To connect with the ground so as to make the earth a part of an electrical circuit.
To cover with a ground, as a copper plate for etching (see
, 5); or as paper or other materials with a uniform tint as a preparation for ornament.
To run aground; to strike the bottom and remain fixed;
as, the ship.
groundedon the bar
a cock, the plug of which is ground into its seat, as distinguished from a compression cock.
glass the transparency of which has been destroyed by having its surface roughened by grinding.–
a close joint made by grinding together two pieces, as of metal with emery and oil, or of glass with fine sand and water.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.The surface of land or upper part of the earth, without reference to the materials which compose it. We apply ground to soil,sand or gravel indifferently, but never apply it to the whole mass of the earth or globe, nor to any portion of it when removed. We never say a shovel full or a load of ground. We say under ground, but not under earth; and we speak of the globe as divided into land and water, not into ground and water. Yet ground, earth and land are often used synonymously. We say, the produce or fruits of the ground, of the earth, or of land. The water overflows the low ground, or the low land.
There was not a man to till the ground. Gen.2.
The ground shall give its increase. Zech.8.
The fire ran along on the ground. Ex.9.
2.Region; territory; as Egyptian ground; British ground; heavenly ground.
3.Land; estate; possession.
Thy next design is on thy neighbor's grounds.
4.The surface of the earth, or a floor or pavement.
Dagon had fallen on his face to the ground. 1 Sam.5.
5.Foundation; that which supports any thing. This argument stands on defensible ground. Hence,
6.Fundamental cause; primary reason or original principle. He stated the grounds of his complaint.
Making happiness the ground of his unhappiness.
7.First principles; as the grounds of religion.
8.In painting, the surface on which a figure or object is represented; that surface or substance which retains the original color, and to which the other colors are applied to make the representation; as crimson on a white ground.
9.In manufactures, the principal color, to which others are considered as ornamental.
10. Grounds, plural, the bottom of liquors; dregs; lees; feces; as coffee grounds; the grounds of strong beer.
11. The plain song; the tune on which descants are raised.
On that ground, I'll build a holy descant.
12. In etching, a gummous composition spread over the surface of the metal to be etched, to prevent the nitric acid from eating, except where the ground is opened with the point of a needle.
13. Field or place of action. He fought with fury, and would not quit the ground.
14. In music, the name given to a composition in which the base, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a continually varying melody.
15. The foil to set a thing off.
16. Formerly, the pit of a play house.
To gain ground, to advance; to proceed forward in conflict; as, an army in battle gains ground. Hence, to obtain an advantage; to have some success; as, the army gains ground on the enemy. Hence,
1.To gain credit; to prevail; to become more general or extensive; as,the opinion gains ground.
To lose ground, to retire; to retreat; to withdraw from the position taken. Hence, to lose advantage. Hence,
1.To lose credit; to decline; to become less in force or extent.
To give ground, to recede; to yield advantage.
get ground, and to gather ground, are seldom used.
1.To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, cause, reason or principle; as arguments grounded on reason; faith grounded on scriptural evidence.
2.To settle in first principles; to fix firmly.
Being rooted and grounded in love Eph.3.