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Webster 1913 Edition


Range

Range

(rānj)
,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Ranged
(rānjd)
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Ranging
(rān′jĭng)
.]
[OE.
rengen
, OF.
rengier
, F.
ranger
, OF.
renc
row, rank, F.
rang
; of German origin. See
Rank
,
Noun.
]
1.
To set in a row, or in rows; to place in a regular line or lines, or in ranks; to dispose in the proper order; to rank;
as, to
range
soldiers in line
.
Maccabeus
ranged
his army by bands.
2 Macc. xii. 20.
2.
To place (as a single individual) among others in a line, row, or order, as in the ranks of an army; – usually, reflexively and figuratively, (in the sense) to espouse a cause, to join a party, etc.
It would be absurd in me to
range
myself on the side of the Duke of Bedford and the corresponding society.
Burke.
3.
To separate into parts; to sift.
[Obs.]
Holland.
4.
To dispose in a classified or in systematic order; to arrange regularly;
as, to
range
plants and animals in genera and species
.
5.
To rove over or through;
as, to
range
the fields
.
Teach him to
range
the ditch, and force the brake.
Gay.
6.
To sail or pass in a direction parallel to or near;
as, to
range
the coast
.
☞ Compare the last two senses (5 and 6) with the French ranger une côte.
7.
(Biol.)
To be native to, or to live in; to frequent.

Range

,
Verb.
I.
1.
To rove at large; to wander without restraint or direction; to roam.
Like a
ranging
spaniel that barks at every bird he sees.
Burton.
2.
To have range; to change or differ within limits; to be capable of projecting, or to admit of being projected, especially as to horizontal distance;
as, the temperature
ranged
through seventy degrees Fahrenheit; the gun
ranges
three miles; the shot
ranged
four miles.
3.
To be placed in order; to be ranked; to admit of arrangement or classification; to rank.
And
range
with humble livers in content.
Shakespeare
4.
To have a certain direction; to correspond in direction; to be or keep in a corresponding line; to trend or run; – often followed by with;
as, the front of a house
ranges
with the street; to
range
along the coast.
Which way the forests
range
.
Dryden.
5.
(Biol.)
To be native to, or live in, a certain district or region;
as, the peba
ranges
from Texas to Paraguay
.
Syn. – To rove; roam; ramble; wander; stroll.

Range

,
Noun.
[From
Range
,
Verb.
: cf. F.
rangée
.]
1.
A series of things in a line; a row; a rank;
as, a
range
of buildings; a
range
of mountains.
2.
An aggregate of individuals in one rank or degree; an order; a class.
The next
range
of beings above him are the immaterial intelligences.
Sir M. Hale.
3.
The step of a ladder; a rung.
Clarendon.
4.
A kitchen grate.
[Obs.]
He was bid at his first coming to take off the
range
, and let down the cinders.
L’Estrange.
5.
An extended cooking apparatus of cast iron, set in brickwork, and affording conveniences for various ways of cooking; also, a kind of cooking stove.
6.
A bolting sieve to sift meal.
[Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
7.
A wandering or roving; a going to and fro; an excursion; a ramble; an expedition.
He may take a
range
all the world over.
South.
8.
That which may be ranged over; place or room for excursion; especially, a region of country in which cattle or sheep may wander and pasture.
9.
Extent or space taken in by anything excursive; compass or extent of excursion; reach; scope; discursive power;
as, the
range
of one's voice, or authority
.
Far as creation's ample
range
extends.
Pope.
The
range
and compass of Hammond's knowledge filled the whole circle of the arts.
Bp. Fell.
A man has not enough
range
of thought.
Addison.
10.
(Biol.)
The region within which a plant or animal naturally lives.
11.
(Gun.)
(a)
The horizontal distance to which a shot or other projectile is carried.
(b)
Sometimes, less properly, the trajectory of a shot or projectile.
(c)
A place where shooting, as with cannons or rifles, is practiced.
12.
In the public land system of the United States, a row or line of townships lying between two successive meridian lines six miles apart.
☞ The meridians included in each great survey are numbered in order east and west from the “principal meridian” of that survey, and the townships in the range are numbered north and south from the “base line,” which runs east and west; as, township No. 6, N., range 7, W., from the fifth principal meridian.
13.
(Naut.)
See
Range of cable
, below.
Range of accommodation
(Optics)
,
the distance between the near point and the far point of distinct vision, – usually measured and designated by the strength of the lens which if added to the refracting media of the eye would cause the rays from the near point to appear as if they came from the far point.
Range finder
(Gunnery)
,
an instrument, or apparatus, variously constructed, for ascertaining the distance of an inaccessible object, – used to determine what elevation must be given to a gun in order to hit the object; a position finder.
Range of cable
(Naut.)
,
a certain length of slack cable ranged along the deck preparatory to letting go the anchor.
Range work
(Masonry)
,
masonry of squared stones laid in courses each of which is of even height throughout the length of the wall; – distinguished from broken range work, which consists of squared stones laid in courses not continuously of even height.
To get the range of
(an object)
(Gun.)
,
to find the angle at which the piece must be raised to reach (the object) without carrying beyond.

Webster 1828 Edition


Range

RANGE

, v.t.
1.
To set in a row or in rows; to place in a regular line, lines or ranks; to dispose in the proper order; as, to range troops in a body; to range men or ships in the order of battle.
2.
To dispose in proper classes, orders or divisions; as, to range plants and animals in genera and species.
3.
To dispose in a proper manner; to place in regular method; in a general sense. Range and arrange are used indifferently in the same sense.
4.
To rove over; to pass over.
Teach him to range the ditch and force the brake.
[This use is elliptical, over being omitted.]
5.
To sail or pass in a direction parallel to or near; as, to range the coast, that is, along the coast.

RANGE

, v.i.
1.
To rove at large; to wander without restraint or direction.
As a roaring lion and a ranging bear. Prov. 28.
2.
To be placed in order; to be ranked.
'Tis better to be lowly born, and range with humble livers in content -
[In this sense, rank is now used.]
3.
To lie in a particular direction.
Which way thy forests range -
We say, the front of a house ranges with the line of the street.
4.
To sail or pass near or in the direction of; as, to range along the coast.

RANGE

,
Noun.
[See Rank.]
1.
A row; a rank; things in a line; as a range of buildings; a range of mountains; ranges of colors.
2.
A class; an order.
The next range of beings above him are the immaterial intelligences -
3.
A wandering or roving; excursion.
He may take a range all the world over.
4.
Space or room for excursion.
A man has not enough range of thought -
5.
Compass or extent of excursion; space taken in by any thing extended or ranked in order; as the range of Newton's thought. No philosopher has embraced a wider range.
Far as creation's ample range extends.
6.
The step of a ladder. [Corrupted in popular language to rung.]
7.
A kitchen grate.
8.
A bolting sieve to sift meal.
9.
In gunnery, the path of a bullet or bomb, or the line it describes from the mouth of the piece to the point where it lodges; or the whole distance which it passes. When a cannon lies horizontally, it is called the right level, or point blank range; when the muzzle is elevated to 45 degrees, it is called the utmost range. To this may be added the ricochet, the rolling or bounding shot, with the piece elevated from three to six degrees.

Definition 2022


Range

Range

See also: range, rangé, rangë, ränge, and Ränge

German

Noun

Range

  1. dative singular of Rang

range

range

See also: Range, rangé, rangë, ränge, and Ränge

English

Noun

range (plural ranges)

  1. A line or series of mountains, buildings, etc.
  2. A fireplace; a fire or other cooking apparatus; now specifically, a large cooking stove with many hotplates.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.vii:
      Therein an hundred raunges weren pight, / And hundred fornaces all burning bright;
    • L'Estrange
      He was bid at his first coming to take off the range, and let down the cinders.
  3. Selection, array.
    • 2006, Edwin Black, chapter 2, in Internal Combustion:
      But through the oligopoly, charcoal fuel proliferated throughout London's trades and industries. By the 1200s, brewers and bakers, tilemakers, glassblowers, pottery producers, and a range of other craftsmen all became hour-to-hour consumers of charcoal.
    • 2013 July 19, Timothy Garton Ash, Where Dr Pangloss meets Machiavelli”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 18:
      Hidden behind thickets of acronyms and gorse bushes of detail, a new great game is under way across the globe. Some call it geoeconomics, but it's geopolitics too. The current power play consists of an extraordinary range of countries simultaneously sitting down to negotiate big free trade and investment agreements.
    We sell a wide range of cars.
  4. An area for practicing shooting at targets.
  5. An area for military training or equipment testing.
  6. The distance from a person or sensor to an object, target, emanation, or event.
    We could see the ship at a range of five miles.
    One can use the speed of sound to estimate the range of a lightning flash.
  7. Maximum distance of capability (of a weapon, radio, detector, fuel supply, etc.).
    This missile's range is 500 kilometres.
  8. An area of open, often unfenced, grazing land.
  9. Extent or space taken in by anything excursive; compass or extent of excursion; reach; scope.
    • Alexander Pope
      Far as creation's ample range extends.
    • Bishop Fell
      The range and compass of Hammond's knowledge filled the whole circle of the arts.
    • Addison
      A man has not enough range of thought.
  10. (mathematics) The set of values (points) which a function can obtain.
  11. (statistics) The length of the smallest interval which contains all the data in a sample; the difference between the largest and smallest observations in the sample.
  12. (sports, baseball) The defensive area that a player can cover.
    Jones has good range for a big man.
  13. (music) The scale of all the tones a voice or an instrument can produce.
  14. (ecology) The geographical area or zone where a species is normally naturally found.
  15. (programming) A sequential list of iterators that are specified by a beginning and ending iterator.
    std::for_each  calls the given function on each value in the input range.
  16. An aggregate of individuals in one rank or degree; an order; a class.
    • Sir M. Hale
      The next range of beings above him are the immaterial intelligences.
  17. (obsolete) The step of a ladder; a rung.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Clarendon to this entry?)
  18. (obsolete, Britain, dialect) A bolting sieve to sift meal.
  19. A wandering or roving; a going to and fro; an excursion; a ramble; an expedition.
    • South
      He may take a range all the world over.
  20. (US, historical) In the public land system, a row or line of townships lying between two succession meridian lines six miles apart.
  21. The scope of something, the extent which something covers or includes.

Synonyms

  • (area for military training): base, training area, training ground
  • (distance to an object): distance, radius
  • (music: scale of tones): compass

Antonyms

  • (values a function can obtain): domain

Holonyms

  • (values a function can obtain): codomain

Hyponyms

Coordinate terms

Translations

Verb

range (third-person singular simple present ranges, present participle ranging, simple past and past participle ranged)

  1. (intransitive) To travel over (an area, etc); to roam, wander. [from 15th c.]
  2. (transitive) To rove over or through.
    to range the fields
    • John Gay
      Teach him to range the ditch, and force the brake.
  3. (obsolete, intransitive) To exercise the power of something over something else; to cause to submit to, over. [16th-19th c.]
  4. (transitive) To bring (something) into a specified position or relationship (especially, of opposition) with something else. [from 16th c.]
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, chapter 22
      At last we gained such an offing, that the two pilots were needed no longer. The stout sail-boat that had accompanied us began ranging alongside.
    • 1910, Saki, ‘The Bag’, Reginald in Russia:
      In ranging herself as a partisan on the side of Major Pallaby Mrs. Hoopington had been largely influenced by the fact that she had made up her mind to marry him at an early date.
  5. (intransitive, mathematics, computing, followed by over) Of a variable, to be able to take any of the values in a specified range.
    The variable x ranges over all real values from 0 to 10.
    • 2013 May-June, Kevin Heng, Why Does Nature Form Exoplanets Easily?”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 184:
      In the past two years, NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope has located nearly 3,000 exoplanet candidates ranging from sub-Earth-sized minions to gas giants that dwarf our own Jupiter. Their densities range from that of styrofoam to iron.
  6. (transitive) To classify.
    to range plants and animals in genera and species
  7. (intransitive) To form a line or a row.
    The front of a house ranges with the street.
  8. (intransitive) To be placed in order; to be ranked; to admit of arrangement or classification; to rank.
    • Shakespeare
      And range with humble livers in content.
  9. (transitive) To set in a row, or in rows; to place in a regular line or lines, or in ranks; to dispose in the proper order.
    • Bible, 2 Macc. xii. 20
      Maccabeus ranged his army by hands.
  10. (transitive) To place among others in a line, row, or order, as in the ranks of an army; usually, reflexively and figuratively, to espouse a cause, to join a party, etc.
    • Burke
      It would be absurd in me to range myself on the side of the Duke of Bedford and the corresponding society.
  11. (biology) To be native to, or live in, a certain district or region.
    The peba ranges from Texas to Paraguay.
  12. To separate into parts; to sift.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Holland to this entry?)
  13. To sail or pass in a direction parallel to or near.
    to range the coast
  14. (baseball) Of a player, to travel a significant distance for a defensive play.
    • 2009, Jason aronoff, Going, Going ... Caught!: Baseball's Great Outfield Catches as Described by Those Who Saw Them, 1887-1964, page 250, ISBN 0786441135
      Willie, playing in left-center, raced toward a ball no human had any business getting a glove to. Mays ranged to his left, searching, digging in, pouring on the speed, as the crowd screamed its anticipation of a triple.
  • For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:range.

Translations

Anagrams


Estonian

Etymology

Allegedly coined ex nihilo by Johannes Aavik in the 20th century.

Adjective

range (genitive [please provide], partitive [please provide])

  1. strict

French

Verb

range

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ranger
  2. third-person singular present indicative of ranger
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of ranger
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of ranger
  5. second-person singular imperative of ranger

Anagrams


Portuguese

Verb

range

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of ranger
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of ranger