Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Rose

Rose

,
imp.
of
Rise
.

Rose

,
Noun.
[AS.
rose
, L.
rosa
, probably akin to Gr. [GREEK], Armor.
vard
, OPer.
vareda
; and perhaps to E.
wort
: cf. F.
rose
, from the Latin. Cf.
Copperas
,
Rhododendron
.]
1.
A flower and shrub of any species of the genus
Rosa
, of which there are many species, mostly found in the morthern hemispere
☞ Roses are shrubs with pinnate leaves and usually prickly stems. The flowers are large, and in the wild state have five petals of a color varying from deep pink to white, or sometimes yellow. By cultivation and hybridizing the number of petals is greatly increased and the natural perfume enhanced. In this way many distinct classes of roses have been formed, as the Banksia, Baurbon, Boursalt, China, Noisette, hybrid perpetual, etc., with multitudes of varieties in nearly every class.
2.
A knot of ribbon formed like a rose; a rose knot; a rosette, esp. one worn on a shoe.
Sha.
3.
(Arch.)
A rose window. See
Rose window
, below.
4.
A perforated nozzle, as of a pipe, spout, etc., for delivering water in fine jets; a rosehead; also, a strainer at the foot of a pump.
5.
(Med.)
The erysipelas.
Dunglison.
6.
The card of the mariner’s compass; also, a circular card with radiating lines, used in other instruments.
7.
The color of a rose; rose-red; pink.
8.
A diamond. See
Rose diamond
, below.
Cabbage rose
,
China rose
,
etc. See under
Cabbage
,
China
, etc.
Corn rose
(Bot.)
See
Corn poppy
, under
Corn
.
Infantile rose
(Med.)
,
a variety of roseola.
Jamaica rose
.
(Bot.)
See under
Jamaica
.
Rose acacia
(Bot.)
,
a low American leguminous shrub (
Robinia hispida
) with handsome clusters of rose-colored blossoms.
Rose aniline
.
(Chem.)
Same as
Rosaniline
.
Rose apple
(Bot.)
,
the fruit of the tropical myrtaceous tree
Eugenia Jambos
. It is an edible berry an inch or more in diameter, and is said to have a very strong roselike perfume.
Rose beetle
.
(Zool.)
(a)
A small yellowish or buff longlegged beetle (
Macrodactylus subspinosus
), which eats the leaves of various plants, and is often very injurious to rosebushes, apple trees, grapevines, etc. Called also
rose bug
, and
rose chafer
.
(b)
The European chafer.
Rose bug
.
(Zool.)
same as
Rose beetle
,
Rose chafer
.
Rose burner
,
a kind of gas-burner producing a rose-shaped flame.
Rose camphor
(Chem.)
,
a solid odorless substance which separates from rose oil.
Rose campion
.
(Bot.)
See under
Campion
.
Rose catarrh
(Med.)
,
rose cold.
Rose chafer
.
(Zool.)
(a)
A common European beetle (
Cetonia aurata
) which is often very injurious to rosebushes; – called also
rose beetle
, and
rose fly
.
(b)
The rose beetle
(a)
.
Rose cold
(Med.)
,
a variety of hay fever, sometimes attributed to the inhalation of the effluvia of roses. See
Hay fever
, under
Hay
.
Rose color
,
the color of a rose; pink; hence, a beautiful hue or appearance; fancied beauty, attractiveness, or promise.
Rose de Pompadour
,
Rose du Barry
,
names succesively given to a delicate rose color used on Sèvres porcelain.
Rose diamond
,
a diamond, one side of which is flat, and the other cut into twenty-four triangular facets in two ranges which form a convex face pointed at the top. Cf.
Brilliant
,
Noun.
Rose ear
.
See under
Ear
.
Rose elder
(Bot.)
,
the Guelder-rose.
Rose engine
,
a machine, or an appendage to a turning lathe, by which a surface or wood, metal, etc., is engraved with a variety of curved lines.
Craig.
Rose family
(Bot.)
the
Roseceae
.
See
Rosaceous
. –
Rose fever
(Med.)
,
rose cold.
Rose fly
(Zool.)
,
a rose betle, or rose chafer.
Rose gall
(Zool.)
,
any gall found on rosebushes.
See
Bedeguar
. –
Rose knot
,
a ribbon, or other pliade band plaited so as to resemble a rose; a rosette.
Rose lake
,
Rose madder
,
a rich tint prepared from lac and madder precipitated on an earthy basis.
Fairholt.
Rose mallow
.
(Bot.)
(a)
A name of several malvaceous plants of the genus
Hibiscus
, with large rose-colored flowers.
(b)
the hollyhock
. –
Rose nail
,
a nail with a convex, faceted head.
Rose noble
,
an ancient English gold coin, stamped with the figure of a rose, first struck in the reign of Edward III., and current at 6s. 8d.
Sir W. Scott.
Rose of China
.
(Bot.)
See
China rose
(b)
, under
China
.
Rose of Jericho
(Bot.)
,
a Syrian cruciferous plant (
Anastatica Hierochuntica
) which rolls up when dry, and expands again when moistened; – called also
resurrection plant
.
Rose of Sharon
(Bot.)
,
an ornamental malvaceous shrub (
Hibiscus Syriacus
). In the Bible the name is used for some flower not yet identified, perhaps a Narcissus, or possibly the great lotus flower.
Rose oil
(Chem.)
,
the yellow essential oil extracted from various species of rose blossoms, and forming the chief part of attar of roses.
Rose pink
,
a pigment of a rose color, made by dyeing chalk or whiting with a decoction of Brazil wood and alum; also, the color of the pigment.
Rose quartz
(Min.)
,
a variety of quartz which is rose-red.
Rose rash
.
(Med.)
Same as
Roseola
.
Rose slug
(Zool.)
,
the small green larva of a black sawfly (
Selandria rosae
). These larvae feed in groups on the parenchyma of the leaves of rosebushes, and are often abundant and very destructive.
Rose window
(Arch.)
,
a circular window filled with ornamental tracery. Called also
Catherine wheel
, and
marigold window
. Cf.
wheel window
, under
Wheel
.
Summer rose
(Med.)
,
a variety of roseola. See
Roseola
.
Under the rose
[a translation of L.
sub rosa
]
,
in secret; privately; in a manner that forbids disclosure; – the rose being among the ancients the symbol of secrecy, and hung up at entertainments as a token that nothing there said was to be divulged.
Wars of the Roses
(Eng. Hist.)
,
feuds between the Houses of York and Lancaster, the white rose being the badge of the House of York, and the red rose of the House of Lancaster.

Rose

,
Verb.
T.
1.
To render rose-colored; to redden; to flush.
[Poetic]
“A maid yet rosed over with the virgin crimson of modesty.”
Shak.
2.
To perfume, as with roses.
[Poetic]
Tennyson.

Webster 1828 Edition


Rose

ROSE

,
Noun.
s as z. [L., Gr. from the root of red, ruddy. See Red.]
1.
A plant and flower of the genus Rosa, of many species and varieties, as the wild canine or dog-rose, the white rose, the red rose, the cinnamon rose, the eglantine or sweet briar, &c. There are five petals; the calyx is urceolate, quinquefid, and corneous; the seeds are numerous, hispid, and fixed to the inside of the calyx.
2.
A knot of ribbon in the form of a rose, used as an ornamental tie of a shoe.
Under the rose, in secret; privately; in a manner that forbids disclosure.
Rose of Jericho, a plant growing on the plain of Jericho, the Anastatica hierochuntica.

ROSE

, pret. of rise.

Definition 2022


Rose

Rose

See also: rose, rosé, róse, Ròse, and rosë

English

Proper noun

Rose

  1. A female given name.
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, As You Like It: Act I, Scene II:
      Celia.- - - Therefore, my sweet Rose, my dear Rose, be merry.
      Rosalind. From henceforth I will, coz, and devise sports.
    • ~1886 William Ernest Henley, A Ballade of Ladies' Names, Gleeson White:Ballades and Rondeaus, Read Books 1887, page 19:
      Sentiment hallows the vowels of Delia; /Sweet simplicity breathes from Rose;
    • 1957 Ray Bradbury, Dandelion Wine, Avon Books 1999, ISBN 0380977265, page 248:
      An aunt had arrived and her name was Rose and you could hear her voice clarion clear above the others, and you could imagine her warm and huge as a hothouse rose, exactly like her name, filling any room she sat in.
    • 1980 P. D. James, Innocent Blood, Faber and Faber, ISBN 0571115667, page 170:
      Rose Ducton. Rosie Ducton. Philippa Rose Palfrey. A row of books with Rose Ducton on the spine. - - - Rose. It didn't even suit her. It was a name in a catalogue: Peace, Scarlet Wonder, Albertine. She had thought that she had got used to the knowledge that nothing about her was real, not even her name.
  2. A surname.

Related terms

Translations

Noun

Rose (plural Roses)

  1. (Ireland, informal) A regional contestant in the annual Rose of Tralee contest.
  2. (Ireland, informal) The winner of that year's contest.

Usage notes

  • The contestants are usually referred to by the place they are representing, such as London Rose or Galway Rose. The winner is normally later referred to by the year she won the contest, such as "the 2009 Rose".
  • The word is sometimes written with a lower case "r".
  • More formally, the full term, Rose of Tralee is used.

Anagrams


French

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Rose

  1. A female given name, cognate to Rose.

Related terms

Anagrams


German

Etymology

From Old High German rōsa.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈʀoːzə/

Noun

Rose f (genitive Rose, plural Rosen, diminutive Röschen n or Röslein n or Röselein n)

  1. rose
  2. (heraldry) The rose as used in heraldry, on a coat of arms

Declension

Derived terms

Proper noun

Rose

  1. A female given name, a variant of Rosa

rose

rose

See also: Rose, rosé, róse, Ròse, and rosë

English

A red rose (flower)
A rose (graph with only one vertex)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɹəʊz/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɹoʊz/
  • Rhymes: -əʊz
  • Homophones: rows, roes, rhos

Noun

rose (plural roses)

  1. A shrub of the genus Rosa, with red, pink, white or yellow flowers.
  2. A flower of the rose plant.
  3. A plant or species in the rose family. (Rosaceae)
  4. Something resembling a rose flower.
  5. (heraldry) The rose flower, usually depicted with five petals, five barbs, and a circular seed.
  6. A purplish-red or pink colour, the colour of some rose flowers.
    web rose colour:    
    rose pink colour:    
  7. A round nozzle for a sprinkling can or hose.
  8. The base of a light socket.
  9. (mathematics) Any of various flower-like polar graphs of sinusoids or their squares.
  10. (mathematics, graph theory) A graph with only one vertex.
Translations

Verb

rose (third-person singular simple present roses, present participle rosing, simple past and past participle rosed)

  1. (poetic, transitive) To make rose-coloured; to redden or flush.
    • Shakespeare
      A maid yet rosed over with the virgin crimson of modesty.
  2. (poetic, transitive) To perfume, as with roses.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Tennyson to this entry?)

Adjective

rose (not comparable)

  1. Having a purplish-red or pink colour. See rosy.
Translations

Derived terms

See also

Etymology 2

From rise.

Verb

rose

  1. simple past tense of rise
Related terms

Etymology 3

From French rosé (pinkish).

Noun

rose (plural roses)

  1. Alternative spelling of rosé

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: feeling · later · beyond · #489: rose · age · nearly · miles

Anagrams


Danish

Etymology 1

From late Old Norse rós, rósa, from Middle Low German rōse, from Latin rosa (rose).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /roːsə/, [ˈʁoːsə]

Noun

rose c (singular definite rosen, plural indefinite roser)

  1. rose (flower, shrub of the genus Rosa)
Inflection

Etymology 2

From French rosé.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rose/, [ʁoˈse]

Noun

rose c (singular definite roseen, plural indefinite roseer)

  1. rosé (a pale pink wine)
Inflection

Etymology 3

From Old Norse hrósa, whence dialectal English roose.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /roːsə/, [ˈʁoːsə]

Verb

rose (imperative ros, infinitive at rose, present tense roser, past tense roste, perfect tense har rost)

  1. praise, commend
Conjugation

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin rosa (the expected form if it was inherited would be *reuse).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʁoz/

Noun

rose f (plural roses)

  1. rose (flower)
  2. rose window
  3. (heraldry) rose

Noun

rose m (plural roses)

  1. pink

Adjective

rose m, f (plural roses)

  1. pink
  2. (humorous) pink, left-wing
  3. (colloquial) erotic, blue
  4. (in phrases) rosy, rose-tinted

Anagrams

See also

Colors in French · couleurs (layout · text)
     rouge      vert      jaune      crème      blanc
     cramoisi      magenta      bleu canard      vert citron      rose
     indigo      bleu      orange      gris      violet
     noir      pourpre      brun      azur      cyan

Friulian

Etymology

From Latin rosa.

Noun

rose f (plural rosis)

  1. flower

Synonyms

Related terms

  • rosât

Italian

Noun

rose pl

  1. plural of rosa

Verb

rose

  1. third-person singular past historic of rodere
  2. Feminine plural past participle of rodere.

Anagrams


Latin

Participle

rōse

  1. vocative masculine singular of rōsus

Lower Sorbian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɔsɛ]

Noun

rose

  1. genitive singular of rosa
  2. nominative plural of rosa
  3. accusative plural of rosa

Norman

Etymology

From Latin rosa.

Pronunciation

Adjective

rose m, f

  1. (Jersey) pink (colour)

Alternative forms

  • rôse (Cotentin)

Synonyms

  • couleur dé raose (Guernsey)

Noun

rose f (plural roses)

  1. rose (flower)

Derived terms


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin rosa, via Old Norse rós and rósa

Noun

rose f, m (definite singular rosa or rosen, indefinite plural roser, definite plural rosene)

  1. a rose (plant and flower)

Derived terms


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin rosa, via Old Norse rós and rósa

Noun

rose f (definite singular rosa, indefinite plural roser, definite plural rosene)

  1. a rose (plant and flower)

Derived terms


Old English

Etymology

From Latin rosa.

Noun

rōse f (nominative plural rōsan or rōsa)

  1. rose

References

  • rōse in Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller (1898) An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary

Old French

Noun

rose f (oblique plural roses, nominative singular rose, nominative plural roses)

  1. rose (flower)