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Definition 2022


ни

ни

See also: ні, ни-, and Appendix:Variations of "ni"

Bulgarian

Pronoun

ни (ni) (personal, possessive)

  1. Short form of the first-person plural pronoun in the accusative case, used as the direct object of a verb; us.
    Не мисля, че ни видяха да идваме.
    Ne mislja, če ni vidjaha da idvame.
    I don't think they saw us come.
  2. Short form of the first-person plural pronoun in the dative case, used as the indirect object of a verb; to us, for us, us.
    Бихте ли ни казали в колко часа каца самолетът?
    Bihte li ni kazali v kolko časa kaca samoletǎt?
    Could you tell us at what time the plane lands?
  3. Short form of the first-person plural possessive pronoun; our.
    Първата ни спирка е Париж.
    Pǎrvata ni spirka e Pariž.
    Our first stop is Paris.

Related terms

Particle

ни (ni)

  1. Used for emphasis to mean 'no thing or person'; not a, not one.
    Не обели ни дума.
    Ne obeli ni duma.
    He didn't say a single word.
    Ни един от хората, които бях поканил, не дойде.
    Ni edin ot horata, koito bjah pokanil, ne dojde.
    Not one of the people I'd invited showed up.

Synonyms

  • нито (nito)

Conjunction

ни (ni)

  1. Used to show that a negative statement is true of two things; neither, nor.
    Това е ни в клин, ни в ръкав.
    Tova e ni v klin, ni v rǎkav.
    That is neither here nor there.
    Тя ни знае, ни се интересува какво се е случило.
    Tja ni znae, ni se interesuva kakvo se e slučilo.
    She neither knows nor cares what happened.

Synonyms

  • нито (nito)

Dungan

Etymology

Cognate to Standard Mandarin ().

Adjective

ни (ni)

  1. you

Erzya

Noun

ни (ni)

  1. wife

Macedonian

Conjunction

ни (ni)

  1. neither
    Нема ни жена ни деца.
    Nema ni žena ni deca.
    He has neither a wife nor children.

Synonyms

Particle

ни (ni)

  1. not even
    Ни мајката не те сака.
    Ni majkata ne te saka.
    Not even your mother loves you.
    Не сакаше ни да се обиде.
    Ne sakaše ni da se obide.
    He didn't even want to try.
  2. neither, either
    Ни јас не сакам да дојдам.
    Ni jas ne sakam da dojdam.
    I don't want to come either.

Pronoun

ни (ni)

  1. Short indirect object form of ние (nie).

Nivkh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ni]

Pronoun

ни (transliteration needed)

  1. I

Old Church Slavonic

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *ni (nor, not), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *nei, from Proto-Indo-European *nei.

Conjunction

ни (ni)

  1. not

Descendants

  • Russian: ни (ni), не (ne)
  • Serbo-Croatian:
    Cyrillic: ни
    Roman: ni
  • Slovene: ni
  • Ukrainian: ні (ni)

Russian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [nʲɪ]

Conjunction

ни (ni)

  1. neither, nor
    ни он, ни она́ni on, ni oná ― neither he nor she
    ни ку́шает, ни спитni kúšajet, ni spit ― neither eats nor sleeps

Particle

ни (ni)

  1. not a
    ни оди́н из стаni odín iz sta ― not one in a hundred
  2. (between a personal pronoun and the verb in the affirmative) whatever, however
    что он ни ска́жетšto on ni skážet ― whatever he says
    как бы он ни был бога́тkak by on ni byl bogát ― however rich he may be
  3. (before какой, кто, что) any, no
    ни в како́й кни́геni v kakój kníge ― in any book, in no book
  4. (with не) nothing
    ни на что не годи́тсяni na što ne godítsja ― it’s good for nothing

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *ni (nor, not), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *nej, from Proto-Indo-European *ney. Compare ни-, не.

Particle

ни (Latin spelling ni)

  1. (emphasizes negation) even, either
    ни ја то не знам ― even I don't know that; I don't know that either
    нисам хт(ј)ео ни да чујем за пр(иј)едлог ― I didn't even want to listen about the proposal

Conjunction

ни (Latin spelling ni)

  1. neither, nor
    она није ни паметна ни(ти) марљива ― she is neither smart nor industrious
    ни трага ни гласа о .. ― not a trace about ..
    ни крив ни дужан ― completely innocent