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Definition 2022


U+3148, ㅈ
HANGUL LETTER CIEUC

[U+3147]
Hangul Compatibility Jamo
[U+3149]

Korean

Syllable

(jeok)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of , , and .

Etymology 2

Sino-Korean word from

Noun

(jeok)

  1. enemy

Etymology 3

Noun

(jeok)

  1. (- 적 있다/없다) time, occurrence, experience
    나는 절대 그런 말을 한 이 없다.
    Na-neun jeoldae geureon mar-eul han jeog-i eopda.
    I've never said such a thing.
    중국에 가 본 있어요?
    Junggug-e ga bon jeok isseoyo?
    Have you ever been to China?
Usage notes
Followed by 있다 (itda) or 없다 (eopda), meaning “have” or “haven't” of perfect.

Etymology 4

From the Japanese [1][2][3]. Korean reading of the Chinese character (, jeok, “like, in the manner of”).

Suffix

(jeok) (hanja )

  1. Exhibiting a property.

Usage notes

  • Used almost exclusively with nouns of Sino-Korean or Western origin: 경멸적 (輕蔑的, gyeongmyeoljeok, “scornful”), 페미니즘적 (peminijeumjeok, “feministic”).
  • Typically followed by either the adnominal marker (in, “being thus”) or the adverbial 으로 (euro, “in that manner”).

Etymology 5

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable

(jeok)

  1. : target
    (eumhun reading: 과녁 적 (gwanyeok jeok))
  2. : hitting
    (eumhun reading: 맞을 적 (majeul jeok))
  3. :
  4. :
  5. :
  6. :
  7. :
  8. :
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  21. :
  22. :
  23. :
  24. :
  25. :

References

  1. 일본제 한자어 on the Korean Wikipedia.Wikipedia ko
  2. 和制汉语 on the Chinese Wikipedia.Wikipedia zh
  3. 汉语中的日语借词 on the Chinese Wikipedia.Wikipedia zh