Webster 1913 Edition
A large tree, the
Artocarpus integrifolia, common in the East Indies, closely allied to the breadfruit, from which it differs in having its leaves entire. The fruit is of great size, weighing from thirty to forty pounds, and through its soft fibrous matter are scattered the seeds, which are roasted and eaten. The wood is of a yellow color, fine grain, and rather heavy, and is much used in cabinetwork. It is also used for dyeing a brilliant yellow.
A familiar nickname of, or substitute for,
You are John Rugby, and you are
An impertinent or silly fellow; a simpleton; a boor; a clown; also, a servant; a rustic.“Jack fool.”
There 's many a gentle person made a
Jackbecame a gentleman,
There 's many a gentle person made a
A popular colloquial name for a sailor; – called also
Jack tar, and
A mechanical contrivance, an auxiliary machine, or a subordinate part of a machine, rendering convenient service, and often supplying the place of a boy or attendant who was commonly called Jack; as:
A device to pull off boots.
A sawhorse or sawbuck.
A machine or contrivance for turning a spit; a smoke
jack, or kitchen
A wooden wedge for separating rocks rent by blasting.
A lever for depressing the sinkers which push the loops down on the needles.
A grating to separate and guide the threads; a heck box.
A machine for twisting the sliver as it leaves the carding machine.
A compact, portable machine for planing metal.
A machine for slicking or pebbling leather.
A system of gearing driven by a horse power, for multiplying speed.
A hood or other device placed over a chimney or vent pipe, to prevent a back draught.
In the harpsichord, an intermediate piece communicating the action of the key to the quill; – called also
In hunting, the pan or frame holding the fuel of the torch used to attract game at night; also, the light itself.
A portable machine variously constructed, for exerting great pressure, or lifting or moving a heavy body such as an automobile through a small distance. It consists of a lever, screw, rack and pinion, hydraulic press, or any simple combination of mechanical powers, working in a compact pedestal or support and operated by a lever, crank, capstan bar, etc. The name is often given to a jackscrew, which is a kind of jack.
The small bowl used as a mark in the game of bowls.
Like an uninstructed bowler who thinks to attain the
jackby delivering his bowl straight forward upon it.
Sir W. Scott.
The male of certain animals, as of the ass.
A young pike; a pickerel.
A large, California rock fish (
Sebastodes paucispinus); – called also
The wall-eyed pike.
A drinking measure holding half a pint; also, one holding a quarter of a pint.
A flag, containing only the union, without the fly, usually hoisted on a jack staff at the bowsprit cap; – called also
union jack. The American jack is a small blue flag, with a star for each State.
A bar of iron athwart ships at a topgallant masthead, to support a royal mast, and give spread to the royal shrouds; – called also
R. H. Dana, Jr.
☞ Jack is used adjectively in various senses. It sometimes designates something cut short or diminished in size; as, a jack timber; a jack rafter; a jack arch, etc.
an arch of the thickness of one brick.–
(Brewing & Malt Vinegar Manuf.),
a cistern which receives the wort. See under 1st–
a block fixed in the topgallant or royal rigging, used for raising and lowering light masts and spars.–
boots reaching above the knee; – worn in the 17 century by soldiers; afterwards by fishermen, etc.–
See 10, b, above.–
frost or cold weather personified as a mischievous person.–
a male hare.
a lamp for still hunting and camp use. See def. 4–
a joiner's plane used for coarse work.–
one of the posts which support the crank shaft of a deep-well-boring apparatus.–
the name given to the stakes, contributions to which are made by each player successively, till such a hand is turned as shall take the “pot,” which is the sum total of all the bets. See also–
any one of several species of large American hares, having very large ears and long legs. The California species (–
Lepus Californicus), and that of Texas and New Mexico (
Lepus callotis), have the tail black above, and the ears black at the tip. They do not become white in winter. The more northern prairie hare (
Lepus campestris) has the upper side of the tail white, and in winter its fur becomes nearly white.
in England, one of the shorter rafters used in constructing a hip or valley roof; in the United States, any secondary roof timber, as the common rafters resting on purlins in a trussed roof; also, one of the pieces simulating extended rafters, used under the eaves in some styles of building.–
the wall-eyed pike, or glasseye.–
an impudent fellow.
[Colloq. & Obs.]–
the first intermediate shaft, in a factory or mill, which receives power, through belts or gearing, from a prime mover, and transmits it, by the same means, to other intermediate shafts or to a line shaft.–
a thin iron plate operated by the jack to depress the loop of thread between two needles.–
See in the Vocabulary.–
a staff fixed on the bowsprit cap, upon which the jack is hoisted.–
any timber, as a rafter, rib, or studding, which, being intercepted, is shorter than the others.–
a towel hung on a roller for common use.–
in a hip roof, a minor truss used where the roof has not its full section.–
a short spar to extend a topsail beyond the gaff.
blue vitriol; sulphate of copper.–
a jack used for lifting, pulling, or forcing, consisting of a compact portable hydrostatic press, with its pump and a reservoir containing a supply of liquid, as oil.–
One called upon to take the place of another in an emergency.
An itinerant parson who conducts an occasional service for a fee.–
one who can turn his hand to any kind of work.–
a plant of the genus
Erysimum alliaria, or
Alliaria officinalis), which grows under hedges. It bears a white flower and has a taste not unlike garlic. Called also, in England,
an insolent fellow in authority.
a tropical shrub with red fruit (–
a chimney sweep inclosed in a framework of boughs, carried in Mayday processions.–
the stonecrop (–
a figure, usually of a man, on old clocks, which struck the time on the bell.–
one who is or tries to be neutral.–
one who has been in office and is turned out.
Jack the Giant Killer,
the hero of a well-known nursery story.–
the yellow fever; also, the quarantine flag. See
Yellow flag, under
jacque, perh. from the proper name
A coarse and cheap mediæval coat of defense, esp. one made of leather.
Their horsemen are with
jacksfor most part clad.
Sir J. Harrington.
[Named from its resemblance to a
A pitcher or can of waxed leather; – called also
To hunt game at night by means of a jack. See 2d
To move or lift, as a house, by means of a jack or jacks. See 2d
Webster 1828 Edition
1.A nickname or diminutive of John, used as a general term of contempt for any saucy of paltry fellow.
2.The name of an instrument that supplies the place of a boy; an instrument to pull off boots.
3.An engine to turn a spit; as a kitchen jack; a smoke jack.
4.A young pike.
5.A coat of mail.
6.A pitcher of waxed leather.
7.A small bowl thrown out for a mark to the bowlers.
8.Part of a musical instrument called a virginal.
9.The male of certain animals, as of the ass.
10. A horse or wooden frame on which wood or timer is sawed.
11. In sea-language, a flag, ensign or colors, displayed from a staff on the end of a bow-sprit.
12. In Yorkshire, half a pint. A quarter of a pint.
Jack of all trades, a person who can turn his hand to any king of business.
Jack by the hedge, a plant of the genus Erysimum, that grown under hedges.
Jack in a box, a plant of the genus Hernandia.
1.A large wooden male screw, turning in a female one.
Jack with a lantern, an ignis fatuus, a meteor that appears in low moist lands.
Jack of the clock-house, a little man that strikes the quarters in a clock.